When walking through the streets of Barcelona it’s hard to miss Gaudi’s work. The dazzling buildings and structures show his unique approach to the Art Nouveau movement. Art Nouveau is an international style which was most popular between 1890 and 1910, it embraced a wide range of arts, from architecture, painting, ceramics, glass art and more, all seen in Gaudi’s work.
You’ll notice the style, even if you don’t know any of his architecture projects from before, you will eventually be able to identify a Gaudí building as they truly stand out from any other buildings.
A public park system composed of gardens and architecture elements, built between 1900 and 1914. The park offers extraordinary buildings, sculptures, amazing art from ceramic pieces and even Gaudi’s house. Don’t miss the fountain with the tiled colorful dragon statue at the entrance, the view of Barcelona from the top of the main terrace, the twisted rock pillars, the columns of Sala Hipóstila, the Tiled Mosaics on the ceiling and much more. The Park Guell is a part of the UNESCO World Heritage, you’ll see why when you see it. If you want to see the whole thing, and you should, you will need to buy a ticket, although some parts of the Park are free.
Casa Vicens was the first important Gaudi’s building. The facade contains a significant variety of ceramic decorations. It was built between 1883 and 1888 and marks the first time Gaudi mixed orientalist style with a Hispano-Arabic inspiration. This broke the norm of the contemporary period. He mixed different styles and incorporated a variety of different materials, that broke away from tradition.
Casa Mila or La Pedrera
The Casa Mila is a modernist building, Gaudí’s main residential building and one of the most visionary and creative houses in the history of architecture. It was built between 1906 and 1912 and declared as World Heritage in 1984 by UNESCO. The beautiful stone facade with twisting wrought iron balconies includes many innovations including a self-supporting stone facade, underground garage and the spectacular roof-terrace. You can visit La Pedrera and walk through the La Pedrera apartment, courtyard, exhibition room and the roof terrace.
Built between 1898 and 1900 for the Calvets and is said to be the most conventional building that he worked on. The facade is inspired by the Baroque period with modernist elements. The symmetry of the building is really unusual for Gaudi’s work, but you can see that shape of the balconies is a little bit unusual, similar in shape to the shapes that he later used for Casa Batllo.
This work is the result of a total renovation of a previously built house. The house was restored in 1904. The local name of the house is House of Bones, as it was designed to look like bones. Gaudí used his typical constructive elements of the Art Nouveau style that includes ceramics, stone, and forged iron. The facade looks like the colors of the Corals. You can visit the Casa Batllo, but most of its magnificent design is seen from the outside.
We can undoubtedly say that Basilica i Temple Expiatori de la Sagrada Familia is most famous of Gaudi’s works. It is the largest unfinished Roman Catholic church in the world. It was designed between 1852-1926 and it’s been under construction since the year 1882. It is not expected to be finished until 2030, while the greatest challenge remains, the construction of more spires, where each symbolizes an important Biblical figure. Wow! The style combines Gothic and curvilinear Art Nouveau forms, including the relationship between man, nature and religion. It is spectacular, the attention to details are marvelous from afar and up close.
You can explore Sagrada Familia, it will be worth your time and money.
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